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The Great Wall of China

To the northwest of Beijing, a huge, serrated wall zigzags its way to the east and west along the undulating mountains. This is the Great Wall, which is said to be visible from the moon.

Construction of the Great Wall started in the seventh century.

The vassal states under the Zhou dynasty in the northern parts of the country each built their own walls for defense purposes.

After the state of Qin unified China in 221 B.C., it joined the walls to hold off the invaders from the Xiongnu tribes in the north and extended them to more than 10,000 li or 5,000 kilometers.

This is the origin of the name of the "10,000 Li Great Wall."

The Great Wall was renovated from time to time after the Qin dynasty. A major renovation started with the founding of the Ming dynasty in 1368, and took 200 years to complete. The wall we see today is almost exactly the result of this effort.

With a total length of over 6,000 kilometers, it extends to the Jiayu pass in Gansu province in the west and to the north of the Yalu river in Liaoning province in the east. What lies north of Beijing is but a small section of it.

It took me nearly a month to embroider this picture. Its actual size is 60cm x 54cm.

Great Wall of China