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The Muses: A Sisterhood of Goddesses

The Greek Muses are a sisterhood of Goddesses who live on Mount Olympus.

They are nine daughters of Zeus, according to Homer, and they embody the arts and inspire the creation process with their graces.

Representing poetry, the arts and science, they are:

CALLIOPE, the Muse of epic song. Her attribute is a wax tablet.

CLIO, the Muse of history, has a scroll.

EUTERPE, the Muse of lyric song, plays a double flute.

THALIA is the Muse of comedy and pastoral poetry. Her attributes are a comic mask, and ivy wreath, and shepherd's staff.

MELPOMENE is the Muse of tragedy. She is sometimes seen with a tragic mask and ivy wreath.

TERPSICHORE, the Muse of songs for dances and musical art, plays a lyre.

ERATO, the Muse of erotic poetry, is seen with a maller lyre.

POLYHYMNIA is the Muse of sacred song, and is always veiled and pensive.

URANIA, the Muse of astronomy, carries a celestial globe.

I have portrayed two of the nine Muses in the top picture. Do you see who they are?

Some say that each woman has at least one personal Muse, perhaps as many as all nine. Have you thought about yours?

The Muses


Terpsichore, protector of music and dance, announces the start of the Ancient Olympics.